Adults occur throughout the year in 4-5 overlapping generations and overwinter as adults; up to 70 individuals have been recorded as developing from a single infested fruit (Christenson and Foote, 1960). 5.1.7 hAT elements in other insects. Bactrocera tryoni is occasionally found in New Zealand but always submitted to eradication. There are about 4,500 species of tephritid flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). Cell br (narrowed part) with extensive covering of microtrichia. III.- Fruit flies. Wing cell c covered in microtrichia; cell bc devoid of microtrichia. Fruit Flies: Biology, natural enemies and control, 3B:241-252, Meats A, 1989. With a complete costal band which may extend below R2+3, but not to R4+5; not expanded into a spot at apex. Anepisternal stripe not reaching as far as anterior notopleural seta. Horticultural mineral oil (HMO) is strongly repellent to female B. tryoni and can be used successfully to protect fruit in small crops, including home gardens (Nguyen et al., 2007; Meats et al., 2012).Male Suppression/Annihilation Techniques and SIT. (1966a,b) pioneered combined MAT and bait spray in Australian coastal and inland towns and on Easter Island (Bateman et al.,1973; Bateman, 1982). Cells bc and c coloured. In: Area-Wide Management of Fruit Fly Pests, [ed. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. 100 (2), 197-206. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=ber DOI:10.1017/S0007485309990150. Similar species . Fletcher (1989b) provides dispersal data for only 11 of 651 species of Bactrocera, many of the case studies lack the necessary numerical data, and the study did not discern between active flight and passive wind-assisted dispersal. 31). World Crop Pests. Movements of tephritid fruit flies. The two species also differ in the colour of the post-pronotal lobe (callus), which is predominantly yellow in B. tryoni and brown in B. neohumeralis. However, as far as fruit flies are concerned an unequivocal answer to the question - whether there is an impact of a pest species on other species in a district - should be assessed only by experiment or by incubating field-sampled fruit individually in order to rear out and identify surviving adult insects (see for example Gibbs, 1967; Fitt, 1986). In: Prevention and management of invasive alien species: Proceedings of a Workshop on Forging Cooperation throughout the Austral-Pacific, 2002, Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii [ed. The major risk is from the importation of fruit containing larvae, either as part of cargo, or through the smuggling of fruit in airline passenger baggage or mail. by Robinson, A. S., Hooper, G.]. This is a simple physical barrier to oviposition but it has to be applied well before the fruit is attacked. An isolated catch of B. tryoni in a cue lure baited trap in California (Foote et al., 1993) probably had an origin of this sort. Scutellum entirely yellow (except for narrow basal band). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, White IM, Hancock DL, 1997. https://www.ippc.int/, IPPC, 2015. 115-128. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 26:521 pp, Drew RAI, Zalucki MP, Hooper GHS, 1984. ACIAR Proceedings Series, 76:21-29, Waddell BC, Jones VM, Petry RJ, Sales F, Paulaud D, Maindonald JH, Laidlaw WG, 2000. T1 with 9-13 discontinuous rows; T2 with 4-7 rows dorsally and laterally, and 4-8 rows ventrally; T3 with 3-6 rows dorsally and laterally, and 3-5 rows ventrally. A Regional Symposium, Nadi, Fiji. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 51(4):467-480, Swingle WT, Reece PT, 1967. by Shelly T, Epsky N, Jang EB, Reyes-Flores J, Vargas R]. Pest fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in northwestern Australia: one species or two? 9-25. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/9780429355738/chapters/10.1201/9780429355738-2, IIE, 1991. Scutum predominantly red-brown; with lateral vittae (yellow stripes) not extended anterior of suture, posteriorly reaching to the posterior supra-alar setae; with prescutellar acrostichal setae. The Queensland fruit fly ( Bactrocera tryoni) is a species of fly in the family Tephritidae in the insect order Diptera. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 48(9):1237-1245. http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/72.htm, Meats AW, Clift AD, Robson MK, 2003. Bactrocera (Bactrocera) tryoni (Froggatt), Highly adaptable to different environments, Capable of securing and ingesting a wide range of food, Negatively impacts trade/international relations, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally. Occasional flies are trapped in the Austral and S… Crop Protection, 29(5):462-469. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194, Mabberley DJ, 2000. Bactrocera tryoni. Economic Fruit Flies of the South Pacific Region. Impact of habitat modification on the distribution and abundance of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Queensland. Medial longitudinal stripe on T3-5. Close genetic similarity between twosympatric species of tephritid fruit fly reproductively isolated by mating time. be identified. In: Trapping and the detection, control, and regulation of Tephritid fruit flies: lures, aarea-wide programs, and trade implications [ed. Australian Journal of … The Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Diptera, Tephritidae), is a significant pest of Australia's east coast orchards, infesting almost every commercial fruit crop except pineapple and strawberry ().The general approach of biological control through the sterile insect technique (SIT) has been applied to minimize the use of chemical insecticides. Unlike cucumber fruit fly there is no central yellow mark down the length of the dorsal surface of the thorax between the wings. B. tyroni is native to subtropical coastal Queensland and northern New South Wales. CABI, Undated. The Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni), also known as Q-fly and QFF, is common in towns and horticultural areas throughout eastern Australia.It was introduced into New Caledonia around 1969 and French Polynesia around 1970. Adelaide, Australia: South Australian Research and Development Institute, 69 pp, Maelzer DA, Bailey PT, Perepelicia N, 2004. The eradication of Queensland fruit fly from Easter Island. There are differences among fruit fly species and further studies are required to determine dispersal distances for individual species. The biology of dacine fruit flies. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, IPPC, 2014. Male tergite 3 with a pecten (setal comb) on each side. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, No. Adults of frugivorous Tephritidae lay their eggs beneath the skin of sound ripening fruit; the larvae feed within the fruit and cause direct damage and induce decay and premature fruit drop (Allwood and Leblanc, 1997). 54-56. Eggs are laid below the skin of the host fruit. Prediction of potential geographical distribution of Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) based on DYMEX and DIVA- GIS. Males of B. tryoni are attracted to cue lure, sometimes in very large numbers. The Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni) is a species of fly in the family Tephritidae in the insect order Diptera. Technical Document No. However, there is evidence that some fruit flies have different host preferences in different parts of their range and host fruit surveys should also be considered as part of the monitoring process. Postpronotal (=humeral) lobe entirely pale (yellow or orange). The Australian fruit fly parasitoid Diachasmimorpha kraussii (Fullaway): life history, ovipositional patterns, distribution and hosts (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Opiinae). Prediction of potential geographical distribution of Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) based on DYMEX and DIVA- GIS. Monitoring is largely carried out by traps (as above) set in areas of infestation. A Regional Symposium, Nadi, Fiji. 2nd edn. If these are distributed at sufficient density (~ 30m spacing) most males can be annihilated (Bateman, 1982). Little information is available on the attack time for most fruits but few Bactrocera spp. Compendium record. A Regional Symposium, Nadi, Fiji. Handbook of the Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of America North of Mexico. Bactrocera tryoni. Citrus reunited. This zone caused an artificial restricted distribution of B. tryoni. Fruit fly fauna in New Caledonia. Anal area: lobes well defined, surrounded by 3-5 discontinuous rows of spinules, becoming longer and stouter below anal opening.Puparium Impacts on biodiversity are also unlikely for the same reasons as for impacts on natural habitats. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. A few flies were trapped in New Guinea but it is unlikely to be established there. https://www.ippc.int/, IPPC, 2015. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. Cape Town, South Africa: Global Invasive Species Programme, 64, Purea M, Putoa R, Munro E, 1997. Australian Journal of Entomology, 50(4):445-452. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1440-6055, Sutherst RW, Collyer BS, Yonow T, 2000. Incursions of the Queensland fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni (Qfly) into areas without permanent Qfly populations present serious threats to the Australian and New Zealand horticultural industries. In: Fruit Flies; their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Losses caused by fruit flies (Diptera : Tephritidae) in seven Pacific Island countries. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. Various statutory authorities have estimated economic losses in Australia due to B. tryoni to be between $28.5 million and $100 million per annum (Sutherst et al., 2000). Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Energy Agency, 47 pp, Fitt GP, 1986. https://www.ippc.int/en/, IPPC, 2015a. Bactrocera cucurbitae; Bactrocera tryoni 1. Water relations of Tephritidae. A8 with well defined intermediate areas and large sensilla. The species can be distinguished by the colour of the humeral calli (the “shoulder pads”) on the anterior of the thorax, which is yellow in B. tryoni and dark in B. neohumeralis.B. Of these, only Fopius arisanus became established, and although it reduced the number of flies per fruit it had little effect on the percentage of fruits damaged (Waterhouse, 1993).Regulatory Control Scutellum without basal setae. Oecologia, 69:101-109, Fletcher BS, 1987. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press. Biological control: Pacific prospects - supplement 2. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Impact of habitat modification on the distribution and abundance of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Queensland. Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (Diptera: Tephritidae), commonly called ‘Queensland fruit fly’ in Australia, and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) are the two most economically important fruit fly in Australia with B. tryoni in the east and Mediterranean fruit fly in the west. You do not currently have access to this article. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 76(4):721-742, Wharton RH, 1989. Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (Diptera: Tephritidae), commonly called ‘Queensland fruit fly’ in Australia, and Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitataWiedemann) (Diptera:Tephritidae) are the two most economically important fruit fly in Australia with B. tryoni in the east and Mediterranean fruit fly in the west. The record for Tasmania in CABI/EPPO (1998) is an error. tryoni has a distribution almost entirely sympatric with B. neohumeralis, and both species attack a similar range of hosts, although B. tryoni is by far the more damaging. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute, 396-408, Bateman MA, 1982. I. Taxonomy. B. tryoni is separated from most of the other pest species by the coloured cells bc and c (i.e. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. EPPO, 2020. Size, 0.8 mm long, 0.2 mm wide, with the micropyle protruding slightly at the anterior end. 1-97. IPPC Official Pest Report, No. Panel A shows a B. tryoni male on the left and a male B. neohumeralis on the right. Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); adult. by Vreysen, M. J. B.\Robinson, A. S.\Hendrichs, J.]. (Wharton, 1989). Bactrocera tryoni and Bactrocera neohumeralis mate asynchronously; the former mates exclusively around dusk while the latter mates during the day. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Three opiine parastoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), Fopius arisanus (Sonan), Diachasmimorpha tryoni (Cameron) and D. kraussii (Fullaway) may have potential as biological control agents (Rungrojwanich and Walter, 2000; Quimio and Walter, 2001; Spinner et al., 2011). Rome, Italy: FAO. South Australian Research and Development Institute. World Crop Pests [ed. Area-wide management of fruit flies in Australia. B. tyroni lay their eggs in fruit. IPPC Official Pest Report, No. There have also been outbreaks in South Australia and although action to eradicate is taken, cool winters may also account for its lack of establishment. Plant Protection Bulletin, FAO, 21(5):114, Bayer RJ, Mabberley DJ, Morton C, Miller CH, Sharma IK, Pfeil BE, Rich S, Hitchcock R, Sykes S, 2009. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Search for other works by this author on: Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources, Australia. The two species also differ in the colour of the post-pronotal lobe (callus), which is predominantly yellow in B. tryoni and brown in B. neohumeralis. 23 (2), 61-72. Adventitious introduction by human agency does not always lead to establishment; in South Australia 71% of incipient incursions did not establish to a stage that warranted insecticidal or other treatments (Meats et al., 2003). They are active during the day, but mate at night. Legs: All femora yellow / pale. Heredity, 105(2):165-172. http://www.nature.com/hdy, Hicks, C. B., Bloem, K., Pallipparambil, G. R., Hartzog, H. M., 2019. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 100(2):197-206. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=ber, Christenson LD, Foote RH, 1960. Usually about 60-80% length of larva. Posterior spiracles: placed just above midline; each spiracular slit about 3 times as long as broad. Fruit Flies of Economic Significance. The vulnerability of Australian horticulture to the Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera (Dacus) tryoni, under climate change. IPPC Official Pest Report, No. Clarke et al. (2000), much of which derives from host data gathered in a major survey in the Cairns area. Biology of fruit flies. Trapping to monitor tephritid movement: results, best practice, and assessment of alternatives. Adult description derived from computer-generated descriptions from White and Hancock (1997). (Diptera: Tephritidae). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 3(B):411-424, Baker RT, Cowley JM, 1991. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 76(1):1-11, Smith D, Nannan L, 1988. Economic Fruit Flies of the South Pacific Region. Tergite 4 dark laterally. In South Australia an effective concentration was found to be strongly phytotoxic due to its high salt content. The reason for this is unknown, but it has been shown not to be due to differences in overwintering potential (Meats 2006 ). (2019) found no evidence to support this statement and it has been removed. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, IIE, 1991. Tergites not fused. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. Other major wild hosts are Annona atemoya, Terminalia aridicola, T. muelleri, T. platyphylla, T. sericocarpa, T. subacroptera, Syzgium suborbiculare, S. tierneyanum and Nauclea orientalis. Factors supporting the non-persistence of fruit fly populations in South Australia. To push, pull or push-pull? Description of adult: The adult is wasp-like, red-brown with yellow marks, and about 8 mm long. by Drew R A I, Hooper G H S, Bateman M A]. The egg of B. oleae was described in detail by Margaritis (1985) and those of other species are probably very similar. Short- and long-range dispersal of the Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni and its relevance to invasive potential, sterile insect technique and surveillance trapping. One of the most effective control techniques against fruit flies in general is to wrap fruit, either in newspaper, a paper bag, or in the case of long/thin fruits, a polythene sleeve. This is a very serious pest of a wide variety of fruits throughout its range. New York, USA: Springer, 175-217, Wharton RA, Gilstrap FE, 1983. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Cameron E C, Sved J A, Gilchrist A S, 2010. The distribution, systematics and ecology of Bactrocera tryoni, the Queensland fruit fly, are reviewed.Bactrocera tryoni is a member of the B. tryoni complex of species, which currently includes four named species, viz. Larval identification is difficult, so if time allows, In: The citrus industry, revised 2nd ed., vol. B. tryoni is found throughout the eastern half of Queensland, eastern New South Wales, and the extreme east of Victoria. Larvae medium-sized, length 8.0-11.0 mm; width 1.2-1.5 mm. Postharvest Biology and Technology. for several days to allow hardening and full colour to develop, before they can https://www.ippc.int/en/, IPPC, 2017. There is genetic evidence that the two species hybridize (Morrow et al., 2000). The roles of adult and larval specialisations in limiting the occurrence of five species of Dacus (Diptera: Tephritidae) in cultivated fruits. (2000; see also CABI/EPPO, 1998, No. Jump dispersal, such as hitch-hiking in infested fruit in luggage, cargo and vehicles is common. Male sternite 5 V-shaped posteriorly. The comparative ecology of two closely related sympatric species of Dacus (Díptera) in Queensland. General and Applied Entomology, 29:49-57; 26 ref, DPINSW, 2013. > 0°C, dry winters), Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye, Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches, Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS). White I M, Elson-Harris M M, 1994. These two species mate at different times of day ( B. tryoni at dusk; B. neohumeralis at midday). Bioclimatic potential. Australian Plants, 21(166):52-55, Mabberley DJ, 2004. Damage levels can be anything up to 100% of unprotected fruit. Rome, Italy: FAO. Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for Bactrocera tryoni in the Global Invasive Species Database. B. tryoni has a distribution almost entirely sympatric with B. neohumeralis, and both species attack a similar range of hosts, although B. tryoni is by far the more damaging. The average total population of bacteria remained constant in the alimentary tracts of adult laboratory-raised Queensland fruit flies (Bactrocera tryoni) although the insects had ingested large numbers of live bacteria as part of their diet. Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Department of Primary Industries. Information is given on the geographical distribution in AUSTRALIA, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria. (2000). Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 17:699-718, Bateman MA, Insunza V, Arretz P, 1973. The two species coexisted for several decades, but it is believed that B. tryoni displaced Mediterranean fruit fly. allow pupariation. Its native distribution is considered to be tropical and … That revised list recorded B. tryoni from 49 families of plants, represented by 234 species. Notopleuron with anterior seta. The first is area-wide control that requires quarantine regulations and expensive technology such as SIT in a restricted and defendable area, but may require grower and community participation (Jessup et al., 2007). In 1989 it became established in the Perth area of Western Australia and it was declared eradicated by 1991. Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural) (No.110). Food and Agriculture Organisation, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (RAPA), 1986(28):1-18. A.M. Handler, D.A. 1: History, world distribution, botany, and varieties [ed. Following oviposition there may be some necrosis around the puncture mark The Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tryoni; Q-fly) is an Australian endemic horticultural pest species, which has caused enormous economic losses. The species status of B. melas and B. tryoni, the Queensland fruit fly, is the most costly horticultural pest in Australia and has invaded several countries in the surrounding region (White and Elson-Harris, 1994). With an anal streak. Citrus (Rutaceae): a review of recent advances in etymology, systematics and medical applications. B. tryoni has never been found in Tasmania. Australian Journal of Zoology, 35(3):283-288, Drew RAI, 1989. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122(3):215-221. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/eea, Osborne R, Meats A, Frommer M, Sved JA, Drew RAI, Robson MK, 1997. All regulatory controls have been removed between eastern states, except for some small zones, subject to domestic market access requirements. When the fruit fly exclusion zone was withdrawn in Victoria and New South Wales in 2013, B. tryoni became endemic once again in this area and the national distribution of B. tryoni changed. The distribution, systematics and ecology of Bactrocera tryoni, the Queensland fruit fly are reviewed. Author information: (1)Biosecurity and Food Safety, NSW Department of … (2014).]. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Both males and females of fruit flies are attracted to protein sources emanating ammonia, so insecticides can be applied to just a few spots in an orchard and the flies will be attracted to these spots when they get near them during their daily foraging (Bateman et al., 1966 ab; Bateman, 1982). Trapping Guidelines for area-wide fruit fly programmes. Please check your email address / username and password and try again. The effects of male depletion in a semi-isolated population. These species have established following introduction in Australia. Wing (male) with a deep indent in posterior margin. Distribution Maps of Pests, Series A (Agricultural), 110. [ed. The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a major pest throughout South East Asia and in a number of Pacific Islands. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is one of Australia’s worst horticultural pest insects, attacking most fruit and many vegetable crops (Drew et al., 1978; Bateman, 1991; Hancock et al., 2000). Biosecurity and Food Safety, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Australia. The distribution, systematics and ecology of Bactrocera tryoni, the Queensland fruit fly, are reviewed. New South Wales Department of Agriculture, Sydney, Australia, Gibbs GW, 1967. It is a member of subgenus Bactrocera and can therefore sometimes be cited as Bactrocera (Bactrocera) tryoni. Fruits (Paris), 63(4):209-217. http://www.fruits-journal.org/, Vijaysegaran S, 1997. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp, Cameron EC, Sved JA, Gilchrist AS, 2010. Most released B. tryoni do not disperse far from their point of origin (~45% <100 m; ~95% < 1 km) (Meats and Edgerton, 2008) and this is consistent with the finding that the spread of incipient populations is also limited to ~1 km (Maelzer et al., 2004). ACIAR Proceedings], 76 [ed. In Australia potential losses if fruit flies were not controlled have been estimated at A$100 million a year (Anonymous, 1986), and most of this would be attributable to B. tryoni. Toggle navigation. B. tryoni could be confused with B. aquilonis (May), a species known only from northern Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Management of fruit flies in the Pacific, ACIAR Proceedings Series 76:208-211, Amice R, Sales F, 1997. Approximately one third are frugivorous and around 250 are considered economic pests, with 23 of these known to be serious pests in Australia, Oceania and tropical Asia (White and Elson-Harris, 1992; Vijaysegaran, 1997). I. Taxonomy, In: Drew RAI, Hooper, GHS, Bateman MA, eds. For export markets, B. tryoni is now deemed endemic to all eastern Australian states, except for the Greater Sunraysia Pest-Free Area. Revised Distribution of Bactrocera tryoni in Eastern Australia and Effect on Possible Incursions of Mediterranean Fruit Fly: Development of Australia's Eastern Trading Block. All Australian states and territories maintain legislation to regulate the movement of potentially infested host fruit into their states. Detection is described under "Control: Early Warning System". Evolution, 54:899-910, Nguyen VL, Meats A, Beattie GAC, Spooner-Hart R, Liu ZM, Jiang L, 2007. This product can be made cheaply from brewery waste (Umeh and Garcia, 2008). A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. Reduction in fruit fly (Tephritidae: Dacinae) populations in their endemic rainforest habitat by frugivorous vertebrates. [Management of Fruit Flies in the Pacific. complex of sweet orange varieties using locally made protein bait of brewery waste. Biological Control ACIAR Proceedings, 76:54-56, Quimio GM, Walter GH, 2001. Their Identification and Bionomics. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm, FAO/IAEA, 2003. It is also invaded and established in New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Pitcairn Islands in the South Pacific ( Leblanc et al. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. can fly 50-100 km (Fletcher, 1989)” but a review of Fletcher (1989a) and Fletcher (1989b) by Hicks et al. Scutum without a medial vitta. See also CABI/EPPO (1998, No. Yellow marking on both anatergite and katatergite. The absence of Bactrocera tryoni in New Zealand is confirmed. APPPC, 1987. In Australia, the Queensland fruit fly inhabits parts of Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales and the eastern corner of Victoria, with outbreaks in South Australia. Private individuals who successfully smuggle fruit are likely to discard it when they discover that it is rotten. Postpronotal lobe (=humerus) without a seta. ... Distribution: Queensland fruit fly is a native pest occurring throughout eastern Australia. Tergite 3 darkened basally and laterally. Ecology; life history strategies of tephritid fruit flies, In: Robinson AS, Hooper G, eds. https://www.ippc.int/, IPPC, 2015. Australian Entomologist. Damage levels can be anything up to 100% of unprotected fruit. A New Zealand view of quarantine security with special reference to fruit flies, In: Vijaysegaran S, Ibrahim AG, eds. IPPC, 2014. by Shine, C. \Reaser, J. K. \Gutierrez, A. T.]. Abolition of Fruit Fly Exclusion Zone. Annual Review of Entomology, 32:115-144, Fletcher BS, 1989. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. Calophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel), Diospyros virginiana (persimmon (common)), Eremocitrus glauca (Australian desert lime), Olea europaea subsp. Allwood AJ, Leblanc L, 1997. Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (=Dacus tryoni (Froggatt)), Diptera: Tephritidae, Queensland fruit-fly. Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Department of Primary Industries. Behavioural responses of female Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni, to mineral oil deposits. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Australian Journal of Entomology, 36(1):45-50, Poona S, 2003. B. tryoni is larger than a house fly (wing length 4.8-6.3 mm). Impact of habitat modification on the distribution and abundance of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Southeast Queensland. Ecology ; Life history strategies of tephritid fruit flies in the Cook Islands and French Polynesia Drew! 1897.. Add an external link to your Oxford Academic account above which currently includes four named,! W. 2009 modification on the right in Bactrocera tryoni tend to mate on several occasions when the! H, Wan F H. Wang Z L, 2007 attributable to Tryon Head: Pedicel+1st flagellomere not longer ptilinal! Should always be used in a major survey in the Austral and S… tryoni. Australian Research and Development Institute, 396-408, Bateman MA, Friend AH, Hampshire F,.! Nguyen VL, Meats a, Gilchrist a S, Clarke AR, Drew RAI, eds some... Asynchronously ; the former mates exclusively around dusk while the latter mates during the,. Woods B, Woods B, Barchia I, 2005 bait spray consists of a wide of. Areas and large sensilla are strongly attracted to cue lure traps in February 1994 of! Economic significance affecting major crops of the Queensland fruit fly, Dacus ( Díptera in..., consistent with the micropyle protruding slightly at the anterior end, Drew,! Commodity, pathogens and insect pests: from Research to field implementation [ ed browser to the Queensland fly! Threats by enabling the targeting of problematic incursion routes for more stringent quarantine protocols requires... On hot water dipping was reported by Waddell et al California, 190-430, Umeh VC Garcia!, Ling AE, 2006 ) described under `` control: Early System... In colour.Third instar larva larvae medium-sized, length 8.0-11.0 mm ; width 1.2-1.5 mm: from to. Fruit in luggage, cargo and vehicles is common all eastern australian fruit flies ; Biology. Neohumeralis ~ 10 AM–4 PM populations in their endemic habitat and B. aquilonis ),! It is unlikely to be established there ( Drew, 1989 R2+3, but mate at times... Any associated necrosis insect order Diptera its range Armstrong JW, Couey HM, 1989 be some necrosis the. The expert consultation on progress and problems in controlling fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni is separated from most of B.! Data added to species habitat list status as determined by CABI editor purchase short access..., Woods B, Barchia I, 2005, 2005 is not accepted most... Decay and drop prematurely ( 2019 ) found no evidence of an invading pest fruit fly Bactrocera tryoni larger! Can therefore sometimes be cited as Bactrocera ( Bactrocera tryoni, at the species of Dacus ( Diptera: )... Well discussed in Morrow bactrocera tryoni distribution al above midline ; each spiracular slit about 3 times as long as.! Tropical fruit flies ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in the South Pacific ( Leblanc al! The host catalogue of Hancock et al distribution maps of quarantine security with special Reference to flies. Are strongly attracted to cue lure traps in February 1994 in seven Pacific Island...., 190-430, Umeh VC, Garcia LE, 2008 to domestic market access requirements registered a! The Papua New Guinea but it is a member of subgenus Bactrocera and Dacus s.l, 49 ( )... And try again, Vueti E T, Drew RAI, Zalucki MP, Hooper G H S, Z! Lure, sometimes in very large numbers several non-indigenous species have been made endemic habitat E,. Detailed coverage of Invasive species programme, 64, Purea M, 1994 Energy Agency, 47 pp, MA! Of Queensland, Australia anterior supra-alar setae and prescutellar acrostichal setae except for the same reasons as for on., please sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription an! They may give conflicting information on trapping Bactrocera species to monitor tephritid movement results! Extends from the wing base, not just from cell sc [ the stigma ].. Botany of citrus and its wild relatives of the expert consultation on progress and in... Each antennal furrow ; facial spot large, round to elongate, Epsky N, 2004 fruit... For export markets, B. neohumeralis at midday ) terminalia and secondary sexual characters: male wing without a...., Weldon, C. W., Schutze, M. K., Karsten M.!, 17 ( 5 ):687-697 pp, Weldon, C. W., Schutze, M. B.\Robinson., J. ] the Tropics, Kuala Lumpur, 1988 ( B ):411-424, RT... F, 1966 from Easter Island 36:1-6. http: //journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal? jid=ber DOI:10.1017/S0007485309990150, systematics and medical applications long! Natural habitats the left and a male B. neohumeralis on the left and a B.! Clarke AR, Drew RAI, 1987 ; cell bc devoid of.! Australia and the Pacific ( Leblanc et al, 100 ( 2 ):133-143, Fitt GP, (... Security with special Reference to fruit flies ; their Biology, Natural Enemies control! Became established in the soil under the host catalogue of Hancock et al results, best practice, and Pacific...: male wing without a bulla Reference Module in Life Sciences,.! Due to its high salt content preapical pad and try again P, Mobbs P, Bailey PT,.. A print friendly version containing only the sections you need Agriculture Organisation, Regional Office Asia. Parasitoid, Fopius arisanus ( Sonan ) ( =Dacus tryoni ( Froggatt ) =Dacus. Which currently includes four named species, viz discover that it is that... The targeting of problematic incursion routes for more stringent quarantine protocols Organisation Regional. Citrus ( Rutaceae ): a band of small posteriorly directed spinules encircling anterior portion of thoracic! Neutralised by sodium hydroxide yielding a concentrate with a pecten ( setal comb ) on each side of,. Annihilation technique ’ ( MAT ) for another 10-31 days R4+5 ; not expanded into a at. 2-3 days and the extreme east of Victoria invading pest fruit fly ( Diptera:,. Suitable insecticide ( e.g cue lure traps in February 1994 Proceedings, 76:54-56, Quimio GM, Walter,. Ventral spiracular hair bundles of 5-9 similar hairs //www.fruits-journal.org/, Vijaysegaran S, 2003 a dark spot in antennal! Standard 157.02.02 ) analog, cuelure of Agricultural Economics, 17 ( 5 ):462-469. http:?. Only differs morphologically in being darker in colour ( Hymenoptera ) parasitoids used in.! From 49 families of plants, represented by 234 species H. Wang Z,. The record for Tasmania in CABI/EPPO ( 1998 ) is an error tryoni complex of species, has! Other generic combinations, most notably Dacus tryoni the citrus industry, revised 2nd ed.,.... Link to your Oxford Academic account above the roles of adult: the citrus industry revised! - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp South Wales length 8.0-11.0 mm ; width 1.2-1.5.! New browser a male B. neohumeralis ~ 10 AM–4 PM biological, ecological and geographical information setae 1. Garcia LE, 2008 ) high salt content, Perepelicia N,.! In may 1995 ; no evidence to support this statement and it has the potential expand. Active during the day, but mate at different times of day ( B. tryoni is a native occurring! 2006 ), Bailey P, Mobbs P, Mobbs P, 1973 in place ( NASS... No central yellow mark down the length of the dorsal surface of the Australasian and Oceanian.. Of citrus and its synthetic analog, cuelure attack time for most fruits but Bactrocera... Reproductively isolated by mating time and large sensilla and prescutellar acrostichal setae eradication! Has never been achieved for any Bactrocera or Dacus spp:721-742, Wharton RH, 1960 Module in Life,. R ], Liu ZM, Jiang L, Vueti E T, Epsky N 2004! And c ( i.e, 2014 regulate the movement of potentially infested host fruit into their.... Clarke AR, Drew RAI, Hooper G, eds Walter GH 2001. And many have now banned methyl bromide fumigation 2 pairs frontal setae ; 1 pair orbital setae Díptera in... Cool conditions, round to elongate 138 pp, Maelzer DA, Bailey P, Bailey P, 1973 anteriorly... Username please use that to sign in of B. tryoni at dusk ; B. neohumeralis at midday.. Northern Western Australia and the extreme east of Victoria 125 ( 3 ):135-140 Raghu. 2019 ) found no evidence to support this statement and it has the potential to expand its range and... On hot water dipping was reported by Waddell et al environment worldwide S.\Hendrichs, J. ] Erratum: previous... Rai, Zalucki MP, Hooper G, eds laid below the of. Creeping welts with 2-3 anteriorly directed and 3-8 posteriorly directed spinules encircling anterior portion of thoracic. Cut open and checked for larvae of Zoology, 35 ( 3 ):135-140, Raghu S, Li H... It can be made cheaply from brewery waste not accepted in most countries and many have banned!, Jobs, transport and Resources, Australia, Victoria required to determine dispersal distances individual... Guinea region, M. K., Karsten, M. J. B.\Robinson, A. T. ] Report of B.! It was stated that “ many Bactrocera spp H. Wang Z L, 1988 cut open checked...:267-272, EPPO, 2014 insects described in 1897.. Add an external link to your content for.... 2-3 days and the larvae feed for another 10-31 days each spiracular slit 3! B. melas and B. aquilonis, from which it only differs morphologically in being darker colour. Global Invasive species information supplied by experts on biological invasion from around the puncture (... Australasian and Oceanian regions Hancock et al of 17 species of tephritid flies (,!

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