Its build is one of strength without bulkiness or excessive musculature. The Pharaoh Hound is a bit timid when introduced to strangers but will warm up with patience. Rabbit hunting usually takes place at night, and the dogs will give chase for hours. [4] A recent DNA study suggests that the breed is not of ancient origin, but a moderately recent development from various other breeds.[5]. Hieroglyphs and statues dating back to 4400 BC resemble Pharaoh Hounds at the chapel of Mereuwka and Senbi. At this point the dogs giving chase will emit a high pitched bark, attracting t… It is believed the Pharaoh hound was bred from a wild dog-perhaps the jackal and another type of dog from the Middle Eastern region. [8] The breed was accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale as the "Pharaoh Hound" in the same year, under the patronage of the UK. The Pharaoh Hound is a Maltese breed of hunting dog. In addition to the blushing, some Pharaoh Hounds also smile. See more ideas about Ibizan hound, Hound, Breeds. It has big erect ears, a long neck, with a slim, greyhound-like physique. Pharaoh Hounds also have a unique trait of "blushing" when excited or happy, with their ears and noses becoming bright pink. The Pharaoh Hound’s name in Maltese, Kelb-tal Fenek, means “rabbit hound,” and the Maltese have long used the Pharaoh Hound in tandem with falcons to hunt rabbit. AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. The Kelb tal-Fenek is usually taken out to hunt at night when there are fewer distractions. The Pharaoh Hound has an unusual characteristic that’s fairly unique among dogs—it can blush when excited and some are known to show all of their teeth in a special Pharaoh Hound smile. It has a long, fine, straight tail that reaches down to a bit below the point of the hocks, and has a whip-like shape. and to the dog god, Anubis. The first litter to be born outside Malta was in the United Kingdom in 1963. Pharaoh hound can live for 12-14 years which is pretty good as a lifespan of a dog. © The American Kennel Club, Inc. 2020. They are born with blue eyes, which change to a light gold or yellow colour during early puppyhood and then begin to darken well into adulthood. The Pharaoh Hound (also known as “Kelb tal-Fenek” or “Dog of the Rabbit”) originated from Malta and soon became their national dog. These dogs are… The powerful, quick Pharaoh Hound is a striking, versatile dog originally bred to hunt rabbit by sight and scent. In Maltese it is called Kelb tal-Fenek, which means “rabbit dog”; it is traditionally used for … Though a Sighthound, they are unusual in that they are able to use both scent and sight for hunting. Pharaoh Hounds are smart, loving, and friendly dogs, with playful and active personalities. They were the dog of kings and may have hunted gazelles with pharaohs, hence their name. To commemorate the breed, the Maltese government minted a silver coin in 1977 featuring a Pharaoh Hound. When the dogs locate a rabbit, it takes off, looking for cover in a den in the ground or a hole in a wall. When a rabbit is found the hounds will give chase, the small and more agile female in the lead with the male keeping the rabbit from darting too far to the sides. Ironically, the breed has often been characterised as being “as clean as a cat.” For generations it has been believed that the Pharaoh Hound is an ancient breed dating back to the time of the pharaohs. Find and adopt a pet on Petfinder today. When the rabbit finally bolts for freedom, it finds itself captured by the hunter’s nets. Find Pharaoh Hound Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful Pharaoh Hound information. The Pharaoh Hound is a Maltese breed of hunting dog. They also need their acute hearing to follow the bell of the ferret. [9] A breed standard was approved by the British Kennel Club in 1974. Its most unique feature is that the dog blushes when excited, with the ears and nose turning a shade of rosy pink. It was primarily used for hunting rabbits and other small game. At this point the dogs giving chase will emit a high pitched bark, attracting the other dogs and the hunters, all of whom will come running. iy_2021; im_01; id_09; ih_14; imh_26; i_epoch:1610231202698, py_2021; pm_01; pd_02; ph_01; pmh_33; p_epoch:1609579982603, link-block-publisher; link-block-publisher_link-block-publisher; bodystr, pn_tstr:Sat Jan 02 01:33:02 PST 2021; pn_epoch:1609579982603. Pharaoh Hound may live 4 years more than Hungarian Vizsla. American Foxhounds are strong, low-maintenance hound dogs who moves well with cats, dogs, and even kids. et al. The Kelb tal-Fenek can hear the little bell up to 3 metres down under the rocky terrain. Find Pharaoh Hound dogs and puppies from New Jersey breeders. [2] It is classified by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in its "Spitz and primitive" group, and shows similarities to other Mediterranean breeds in that group such as the Cirneco dell'Etna, the Podenco Andaluz, the Podenco Canario, the Podenco Ibicenco and the Portuguese Podengo. Pharaoh Hound Description: The origin of the Pharaoh Hound lies in Egypt and can be traced back to 3000-4000 years ago. It has a deep chest that extends down to the elbows and a moderate tuck up. There is no doubt that he is an excellent hound with strong prey drive and a great sense of sight. Evidence of dogs in the Mid-East have been found as far back as 11,000 years and the recorded evidence of these dogs as companions of the Pharaohs can be found on tomb walls over 4,000 years old. The Pharaoh Hound belongs to a family of dogs called sighthounds, which were originally developed to hunt other animals. The Pharaoh Hound's agility and hunting ability have made it a perennial favorite among Maltese farmers for thousands of years.----- ** ----- This charming phenomenon is possible because Pharaoh Hounds have no black pigment in their skin. May 5, 2013 - This breed originates in the island of Eivissa and has been traditionally used in the Catalan-speaking areas of Spain and France to hunt rabbits and other small game. It wasn’t until the early 1960s that the Pharaoh Hound found itself in Europe, when Pauline Black introduced the breed to the United Kingdom. The hunters will then gather and leash all but one dog, then place nets over all of the likely escape holes of the rabbit. Their quarry is rabbit, and the dogs are worked in teams to chase and corner the prey. Founded in 1884, the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. [12][13], The Kelb tal-Fenek is usually taken out to hunt at night when there are fewer distractions. 2004 “Genetic Structure of the Purebred Domestic Dog”. https://www.akc.org/subscription/thank-you. Their eyes are commonly amber-coloured. As the English-language exonym suggests, it is sometimes claimed that the Pharaoh Hound descends from the dogs shown in the tomb paintings of Ancient Egypt. They love to give chase to anything that moves, and hunting is a favorite pastime. The use of ferrets is mentioned by Strabo about rabbit-hunting in the Balearic Islands under Roman rule.[14][15][16][17]. All Pharaoh Hound found here are from AKC-Registered parents. These people-oriented members of the Hound Group need a good deal of exercise, both mentally and physically, but are usually quite laid-back in the house, loving nothing more than a good nap on the sofa. https://www.akc.org/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php. The ferret, wearing a tiny bell around his neck, is placed in the hole the rabbit previously entered. Due to his original purpose of hunting, the Pharaoh Hound may be quick to hunt smaller rodents such as hamsters. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. Pharaoh Hounds weigh up to 27 kg and have a short brown coat. The Pharaoh Hound is a Maltese breed of hunting dog. Pharaoh Hounds are often aloof with strangers. Then all but one dog are put aside, and the hunter brings out a ferret. White markings on the chest, toes, tail-tip, centre of forehead, and the bridge of the muzzle are accepted, but not required. They usually come in tan or chestnut colors. The Pharaoh Hound is a reasonably independent dog that is loyal to its family. The Pharaoh Hound is a medium sized hunting dog. The dogs will then search out their prey using scent. [10] The only colour accepted by most kennel clubs is red; though the shades of red colour varies, and accepted shades range from a tan to a deep chestnut and all shades in between. Because of the ferret’s bell, the one dog left in the game can follow the movement of the ferret through any underground tunnels or within a wall. The coat can also be glossy and short in most cases. The Pharaoh’s dog owes its name to its silhouette, as it is visually reminiscent of the representations of the Egyptian god known as Anubis. In Maltese it is called Kelb tal-Fenek, which means "rabbit dog"; it is traditionally used for hunting rabbit in the rocky terrain of the Maltese Islands. Therefore, these are dogs with great stamina and strength. The Pharaoh Hound is an ancient dog breed who has changed little since their development more than 5,000 years ago. They were primarily used for hunting rabbits and guarding homesteads and looked rather intimidating and statuesque as they stood on the rooftops. All rights reserved. The prevailing theory suggests that Phoenicians introduced the Pharaoh to Malta, where they were used as rabbit hunters. This loyal hunting companion later made their way to Malta, where they are now the national dog. Pharaoh Hounds should not be around small pets other than dogs because of their hunting and chasing instincts. Valletta, Malta: Progress Press. The dogs will then search out their prey using scent. In 1967, the first Pharaoh Hound was imported to the United States. Athletic, powerful and … Both Pharaoh Hound and Hungarian Vizsla are having almost same weight. [10], The coat is fine and short with no feathering. Although they are considered sighthounds, they hunt with both their keen eyesight and well-developed sense of smell. Pharaoh's eyes are always amber, and should complement the coat colour. It is commonly used to hunt rabbit in the Maltese island and has been variously classified as a member of sighthound group. The Pharaoh Hound: A Primitive European Hunting Dog 22 March, 2020 Today, we want to tell you all about the Pharoah Hound, a unique dog whose origins may go … A unique trait of the Pharaoh Hound is his ability to blush. [12] Life expectancy is about 12 to 14 years. It is important to monitor and observe for any signs of aggression towards other animals. The Pharaoh Hound is a breed that has managed to thrive for over two thousand years and maintain the general integrity of the breed with very few changes in appearance or instinctive hunting ability. Mainly seen on the back or sides of the dog. The back legs are moderately angled, parallel to each other, and must be balanced with the forelegs. When their positive emotions are roused, it’s not unusual to see them wag their entire body, along with their tail, and show every tooth in their mouth. It is the only Maltese dog breed with international recognition. Her husband was the general in charge of the British troops stationed on the island of Malta, and Mrs. Black became enchanted with this elegant, graceful, and powerful breed. It is believed that the Phoenicians brought Pharaoh Hounds to the Mediterranean islands of Malta and Gozo over 2,500 years ago, subsequently trading them throughout the ancient world in Egypt, and as far north as Great Britain. [7] The modern Cirneco is a Sicilian breed of similar structure and appearance to the Kelb tal-Fenek, but somewhat smaller (43–51 cm (17–20 in)). . [8], At first glance, the Pharaoh Hound appears both graceful and elegant as well as powerful and athletic. Download this e-book for guidance on these questions and other important factors to consider when looking for a puppy. By the time the hunters and other dogs arrive the rabbit will almost always have taken to the ground. [6] Some have taken this to refer to the Kelb tal-Fenek. The Pharaoh Hound's ears are very large and point upward when alert. In 1979, the Pharaoh was named the national hound of Malta. In 1967, the first Pharaoh Hound was imported to the United States. Both Pharaoh Hound and Hungarian Vizsla has same litter size. A placid creature, the Pharaoh Hound is the envy of other hunting dogs -- always willing to please while still retaining its independence. "A Study of the Maltese Kelb tal-Fenek". This is an elegant hunting hound that closely resembles the Egyptian god of the dead, Anubis. [a], A DNA analysis of the Pharaoh Hound and the Cirneco dell'Etna of Sicily indicate that their separate breed formation occurred within the last 200 years, however the genetic foundations of these breeds date to the more distant past. Pharaoh Hounds are very well-mannered and affectionate, especially with children. This ancient breed is originally from Malta, can grow to between 44-55 pounds and live an average of 12-14 years. Its gentleness, however, does not impede its keen chasing and hunting skills. Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid, Meet the Pharaoh Hound — the Dog That Hunts With Ferrets. Pharaoh Hounds can be socialized to get along with most other dogs, but males may have dominance issues. In fact, the Pharaoh Hound is the national dog of Malta. Its head is elegant without being fine or extreme. They cover very rocky terrain, including farmers’ fields that are divided by walls made of stone. Finally the hunter will take a ferret (with a small bell attached) from a round wicker basket, and places it into the last entrance to the rabbit's burrow. Cecil S. Camilleri (1995). Parker, Heidi. When the ferret flushes the rabbit out a hole, one free dog swoops down upon it. [3], The Kelb tal-Fenek is a traditional breed of rural Malta. Search for dogs for adoption at shelters near New York City, NY. Its eyes are oval with a keen, alert, and intelligent expression. The skull resembles a blunt wedge, and is long and chiseled with only a slight stop and a snout of good length. The Pharaoh Hound is a very ancient breed, with a striking resemblance to the hounds depicted in the Egyptian temples from before 4,000 B.C. For centuries, in rural areas the peasants used it to hunt rabbits, until it arrived in Britain in the 70s, where they were not only hunters, but were also used as pets. The breed's name didn’t change from Kelb tal-Fenek to Pharaoh Hound until after they arrived in England. They are lean, muscular, and sharp as a tack. The Ibizan Hound is a fast dog that can hunt on all types of terrain, working by scent, sound and sight. These dogs still play an important role in the activities of Maltese hunters and farmers, who respect and admire their breed. The nose, whiskers, nails, paw-pads, and eye-rims should also be the same colour as the coat. K nown as the national hound of Malta, the Pharaoh Hound (in Maltese, Kelb tal-Fenek) is a rabbit hunting dog of renown. The tail is carried down when relaxed. He is distinguished by a chiseled, wedge-shaped head with large, erect ears on a well-muscled body. On Malta’s sister island of Gozo, these intelligent dogs are sometimes also used to herd goats and sheep and to retrieve birds. Pharaoh Hounds are also blushing beauties: when these dogs are excited or happy, their ears and nose turn a rosy pink. Once the rabbit is caught in his hideaway, all possible exits are covered with nets to ensure he can’t escape. The Pharaoh Hound is an ancient dog breed that’s changed little since their development more than 5,000 years ago. The Pharaoh Hound is a medium-sized dog, which is, as its name suggests, often used for hunting. In Maltese it is called Kelb tal-Fenek, which means "rabbit dog"; it is traditionally used for hunting rabbit in the rocky terrain of the Maltese Islands. The Pharaoh Hound is a rabbit hunting dog breed from the island of Malta. On their home island of Malta, the Pharaoh Hound is known as “Kelb tal-Fenek,” which means dog of the rabbit. A white tail-tip is admired. Generally, the hunters will take their dogs into the countryside and release pairs of a male and a female dog in each compass direction. The actual name Pharaoh Hound dates back to 1977, when England, who functions as the protector of the breed, got the breed and its standard approved of by the FCI. Both Pharaoh Hound and Hungarian Vizsla are having almost same height. [11][10], The Kelb tal-Fenek suffers from few genetic diseases. The texture varies from silky to somewhat hard and it must never be so profuse as to stand away from the dog's skin. The breed got its name Pharaoh Hound, from the desire to remind one of its origins as one of the ancient Pharaoh's favourite hunting dog. When they’re excited or happy, their flesh-colored nose and the inside of their ears turn a rosy pink color. It has a long, lean, and muscular neck that is slightly arched. The males can reach a height at the withers of 63 cm, bitches up to 61 cm. Its shoulders are long and well laid back. The Pharaoh Hound is an ancient breed that has been used to hunt rabbits on the island of Malta for thousands of years. Despite their name, and resemblance to the dogs in ancient Egyptian art, they are not related to the dogs found preserved in Egyptian tombs. How do you find a reputable breeder? Friendly and affectionate with his human companions, the Pharaoh Hound retains his playfulness throughout his life. The Pharaoh Hound Has Been Around for Over 2000 Years. It’s also free to list your available puppies and litters on our site. Top 10 interesting facts about the Pharaoh Hound, an elegant, aloof and goofy dog breed. Most commonly seen is any solid white spot on their neck, back, or shoulders. The Pharaoh Hound is fond of running and chasing strange animals, but is gentle and loving with other dogs and children. How do you know what breed is right for your family? When a rabbit is found the hounds will give chase, the small and more agile female in the lead with the male keeping the rabbit from darting too far to the sides. Pharaoh hounds originated in Malta under the name of Kelb tal-fenek– literal translation of which is rabbit dog or rabbit hound. The exact origin of this breed is unknown. Generally, the hunters will take their dogs into the countryside and release pairs of a male and a female dog in each compass direction. Pharaoh Hounds are used in a unique style of hunting on Malta. His job is to scare the rabbit back out of his hiding place. Its front legs are long and straight. The Domestication and Exploitation of Plants and Animals By Peter Ucko, G. Dimbleby, 2007 - p. 489, A Study of the Maltese Kelb-tal-Fenek, Cecil Camilleri, Progress Press Co Ltd (30 June 1995), Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Kelb tal-Fenek - National Hound of Malta", "Studies of modern Italian dog populations reveal multiple patterns for domestic breed evolution", "Summary results of the Purebred Dog Health Survey for Pharoah Hounds", Rabbit Hunting with the Kelb tal-Fenek in Malta, Il-Kelb tal-Fenek - A Fieldwork Description, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pharaoh_Hound&oldid=999383442, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles that may contain original research from August 2012, All articles that may contain original research, Articles needing additional references from August 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing cleanup from August 2018, Articles with close paraphrasing from August 2018, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing Maltese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 22:12. Intelligent and obedient, Pharaoh Hounds love to … Cats and other small animals are seen as prey to the Pharaoh Hound that hasn’t been socialised with them from an early age. Its dewclaws may be removed. The slender, long-legged sighthound hunts by spotting movement across a vast distance, then running the animal down with lightning speed. They have an inbuilt desire to hunt and have the staying power to keep going with or without you. Pharaoh Hounds are used in a unique style of hunting on Malta. Yeah, this breed is actually a Sighthound, which heavily relies on his speed and sight while hunting. The Allure of a … When the dog is in motion or is excited, the tail is carried up; either level with, or loosely curled above, the back. The Pharaoh Hound – Noble hunter from Malta Characteristics of the Pharaoh Hound . Their quarry is … What questions should you ask a breeder? Pharaoh Hound is originated from Malta but Hungarian Vizsla is originated from Hungary. 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